Females give birth to lives, and are the essential species in the nature. History and nature have endowed them with various roles; in addition, women have also made a great contribution to the social progress nowadays. Given all these factors, we must pay close attention to females’ health. Due to their special anatomical and physiological characteristics, females may suffer from diseases specific to themselves and diseases common to human beings. We should start from the details to pay attention to females’ health, to take preventive measures, and to perform regular physical examination. If others can take care of them during special physiological period in daily life and master family medical knowledge, these can assist us in taking care of females.